Gujarati Grammar: Postpositions

Although I have spoken Gujarati since childhood, I only learnt the alphabet in 2015. I then had to take a break from studying Gujarati for a while as I just couldn’t find the time for it.

Recently I’ve been trying to set aside a couple of hours every week to continue working though Colloquial Gujarati: The Complete Course for Beginners, by Jagdish Dave. I won’t tell you when I started the course…

It’s not as easy to find resources for Gujarati as it is for French or Spanish. So I thought it would be useful to post my own resources here on my blog. They won’t be in any particular order – I’ll be posting as I learn, and hopefully coming back and adding information as my knowledge grows.

The last topic I covered was postpositions so that is the focus of this post.

If you’d like to find out more about my experiences of learning Gujarati, click here.

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In English, prepositions normally indicate location, direction or time. They are placed before the word they govern, e.g. ‘under the table’, ‘on the platform’, ‘after dinner’.

In Gujarati, they are called postpositions because they are placed after they word they govern. Postpositions follow or a noun or pronoun and show its relationship with another word in the sentence.

These postpositions are broadly classified according to meaning in the table below.

Postpositions

English

Transliteration

Gujarati

Place and direction

in an-dar અંદર
out ba-hār બહાર
near pā-se પાસે
above ū-par ઉપર
under nĩ-che નીચે
between vach-che વચ્ચે

Time

before pa-he-lā̃ પહેલા
before āgaḷ આગળ
after pa-chhi પછી

Instrumentality

by va-ḍe વડે
through mār-phat મારફત

Absence

except vi-nā વિના
without va-gar વગર
without si-vāy સિવાય

Comparison

compared to kar-tā̃ કરતાં
equal to ba-rā-bar બરાબર
like mā-phak માફક

Purpose

for mā-ṭe માટે
for khā-tar ખાતર

 

 

Adapted from Colloquial Gujarati: The Complete Course for Beginners, by Jagdish Dave

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ka [kə]

 

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